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Table 6 WHODAS-2 domain specific scores by disorder, according to severity level.

From: Validation of the "World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, WHODAS-2" in patients with chronic diseases

Pathology (n) Understanding &
Communicating
Getting
Around
Self
Care
Getting along
with people
Life Activities:
household
Life Activities:
work or school
Participation
in Society
Bipolar ES = 1.03 ES = 0.69 ES = 1.43 ES = 0.85 ES = 0.56 ES = 1.97 ES = 1.27
   Eutimic (78) 21.4 (19.6) 9.0 (12.3) 4.1 (8.5) 19.8 (20.5) 20.1 (24.8) 15.8 (22.2) 15.3 (15.4)
   No eutimic (36) 44.0 (26.5)* 20.7 (24.4)* 23.3 (20.4)* 38.9 (26.1)* 34.7 (28.8)* 72.9 (40.0)* 37.2 (20.6)*
Depression ES = 1.44 ES = 1.24 ES = 1.82 ES = 1.61 ES = 0.56 ES = 0.75 ES = 1.5
   Mild (36) 34.3 (20.1) 27.6 (21.9) 20.9 (21.5) 44.6 (23.1) 54.1 (30.4) 71.2 (38.2) 37.4 (15.0)
   Moderate (30) 49.2 (19.5) 42.1 (24.5) 48.3 (22.0) 57.5 (28.9) 63.3 (33.3) 87.9 (18.5) 47.9 (13.3)
   Severe (19) 66.8 (26.4)* 57.6 (27.7)* 60.5 (22.2)* 80.7 (21.2)* 72.1 (35.4) 94.9 (13.5) 61.6 (18.1)*
TBI ES = 1.21 ES = 1.12 ES = 1.22 ES = 1.1 ES = 0.96 ES = 1.59 ES = 1.49
   Mild (36) 6.9 (10.6) 4.2 (12.2) 1.7 (5.1) 8.3 (15.6) 10.8 (18.4) 10.3 (18.0) 9.8 (15.2)
   Moderate(33) 17.6 (19.1) 9.7 (15.1) 4.8 (10.3) 15.9 (16.4) 18.6 (20.1) 25.0 (30.1) 22.0 (16.1)
   Severe (31) 27.6 (22.2)* 31.1 (32.2)* 22.7 (24.4)* 31.1 (25.3)* 36.6 (34.0)* 61.2 (42.2)* 39.4 (24.0)*
IHD ES = 0.89 ES = 1.21 ES = 1.09 ES = 0.44 ES = 0.89 ES = 0.69 ES = 1.28
   Mild (12) 0.8 (2.9) 10.4 (19.8) 2.5 (8.7) 4.9 (6.6) 13.8 (35.0) 47.1 (50.4) 16.0 (13.9)
   Moderate (71) 6.6 (9.5) 32.0 (29.0) 16.3 (18.6) 13.4 (12.3) 42.9 (43.0) 57.1 (43.1) 29.9 (16.9)
   Severe (17) 11.5 (15.4)* 44.1 (32.4)* 26.5 (27.6)* 24.5 (24.2)* 63.3 (45.3) 52.4 (46.4) 37.3 (21.5)*
Migraine ES = 0.57 ES = 0.54 ES = 0.36 ES = 0.51 ES = 0.97 ES = 0.61 ES = 1.07
   Mild (27) 10.8 (9.3) 9.1 (13.1) 4.1 (9.3) 10.1 (10.4) 18.5 (20.7) 20.5 (17.4) 15.7 (10.7)
   Moderate (29) 21.9 (16.7) 15.5 (20.1) 10.7 (17.5) 14.8 (19.8) 34.6 (23.6) 30.8 (19.4) 24.6 (13.5)
   Severe (46) 22.4 (24.3)] * 23.2 (25.6) * 8.9 (16.6) 20.0 (24.6) 43.3 (29.5)* 34.8 (22.5) * 31.2 (16.3)*
Parkinson ES = 0.67 ES = 1 ES = 1.05 ES = 0.54 ES = 0.07 ES = 0.48 ES = 0.91
   Mild (13) 8.5 (10.1) 13.0 (20.6) 5.0 (8.7) 9.5 (11.4) 30.0 (22.4) 33.0 (32.8) 21.8 (13.8)
   Moderate (54) 9.4 (9.2) 20.5 (20.6) 16.3 (19.5) 12.0 (12.7) 18.8 (22.1) 21.4 (19.9) 22.4 (15.2)
   Severe (26) 19.8 (19.4)* 42.5 (33.0)* 31.9 (30.6)* 20.7 (23.8) 28.3 (27.5) 18.6 (28.4) 39.4 (21.4)*
Multiple sclerosis ES = 0.42 ES = 3.08 ES = 1.34 ES = 0.48 ES = 1.22 ES = 1.11 ES = 1.71
   Mild (43) 2.4 (5.9) 4.4 (8.9) 1.6 (5.7) 4.6 (9.5) 8.6 (13.4) 4.9 (9.8) 8.7 (9.8)
   Moderate (36) 6.5 (9.1) 26.4 (17.7) 5.6 (12.1) 10.2 (11.7) 24.3 (19.9) 9.9 (16.8) 21.7 (14.9)
   Severe (21) 5.2 (8.1) 55.4 (26.1)* 22.4 (26.1)* 9.8 (13.1) 27.4 (18.8)* 18.4 (15.9)* 33.5 (21.2)*
Stroke ES = 0.22 ES = 0.85 ES = 0.6 ES = 0.49 ES = 0.53 ES = 0.22 ES = 0.47
   Mild (78) 9.3 (12.2) 51.6 (24.4) 18.0 (20.8) 11.7 (16.7) 90.0 (21.7) 97.7 (12.1) 43.1 (19.6)
   Moderate (24) 12.2 (15.9) 71.2 (18.0)* 32.4 (31.9)* 21.3 (27.3) 100.0 (0.0)* 100.0 (0.0) 50.8 (16.5)
Osteoporosis ES = 0.49 ES = 1.44 ES = 0.53 ES = 0.7 ES = 1.1 ES = 0.3 ES = 1.31
   Mild (41) 8.6 (11.8) 9.8 (16.1) 2.3 (11.4) 6.4 (11.2) 14.8 (24.2) 6.4 (13.7) 8.4 (13.3)
   Moderate (27) 12.4 (13.3) 15.0 (11.6) 3.3 (6.2) 10.3 (14.6) 28.8 (19.0) 20.0 (19.8) 14.2 (10.9)
   Severe (17) 15.6 (18.9) 35.7 (21.6)* 9.4 (17.5) 18.9 (28.3)* 42.7 (28.1)* 10.7 (15.2) 28.6 (19.8)*
Rheumatoid Arthritis ES = 0.88 ES = 3.73 ES = 3.98 ES = 0.17 ES = 4.18   ES = 5.85
   Mild (5) 15.0 (12.7) 11.3 (21.8) 6.0 (13.4) 15.0 (13.7) 20.0 (18.7) 0.0 (.) 10.0 (9.6)
   Moderate (16) 27.8 (20.2) 33.2 (17.6) 16.3 (15.9) 18.8 (15.1) 47.3 (20.3) 35.7 (14.3) 28.6 (13.8)
   Severe (2) 30.0 (28.3) 84.4 (4.4)* 60.0 (14.1)* 12.5 (17.7) 90.0 (0.0)* --- 62.5 (5.9)*
Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP) ES = 1.23 ES = 0.69 ES = 0.62 ES = 0.47 ES = 0.13 ES = 0.90 ES = 1.18
   Mild (8) 22.7 (12.8) 36.5 (18.0) 8.7 (14.1) 27.8 (21.4) 54.2 (21.9) 40.2 (20.5) 32.6 (17.0)
   Moderate (21) 27.1 (20.4) 45.0 (22.9) 13.6 (16.5) 25.7 (24.3) 55.7 (27.1) 30.6 (20.9) 28.9 (15.5)
   Severe (13) 47.3 (26.1)* 48.6 (17.0) 19.2 (20.2) 38.7 (24.7) 57.7 (31.7) 58.2 (19.5) 53.8 (18.7)*
Low Back Pain (LBP) ES = 0.03 ES = 0.56 ES = 0.62 ES = 0.13 ES = 0.47 ES = 0.37 ES = 0.87
   Mild (42) 15.6 (18.3) 27.2 (23.6) 7.4 (12.7) 12.7 (19.3) 31.5 (29.6) 22.2 (34.2) 20.5 (18.8)
   Moderate (44) 22.2 (19.8) 32.5 (20.8) 13.4 (16.1) 14.4 (17.1) 35.1 (26.2) 26.8 (32.0) 28.3 (21.0)
   Severe (24) 15.1 (16.5) 40.4 (23.6) 17.5 (21.1)* 10.5 (14.5) 45.2 (27.9) 34.9 (34.5) 39.3 (25.9)*
  1. Effect size (ES) coefficient among the extremes groups
  2. * p < 0.05
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